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Multifamily Energy and Water Management Toolkit

The following toolkit is intended to help improve energy and water management and reduce costs, spending and environmental impacts over the long‐term, while helping to preserve affordable properties. The toolkit is designed to be used by organizations with different levels of experience and capacity in the area of energy and water management. Tools can be downloaded and used sequentially to launch or relaunch across-the-board energy and water management efforts, or can be selected and used individually to assist with specific initiatives already underway. The toolkit is intended to complement other available resources and includes references to other related tools following the table of contents introduction. The tools are grouped into four areas: Portfolio Energy and Water Strategy, Operations and Maintenance, Utility Tracking and Energy and Water Initiatives.
Benchmarking Incentives O&M Portfolio Upgrade Property Management Utility Incentives & Programs Water

Saving Energy in Existing Multifamily Buildings

This presentation explored challenges and opportunities in achieving energy savings in multifamily buildings from an “on the ground” perspective. Using case studies and examples from recent CEE research and energy-efficiency programs, this presentation provides an overview of technologies and strategies that have proven to be effective and marketable energy-efficiency measures in Minnesota multifamily buildings, including: ventilation system retrofits, optimizing boiler control systems, optimizing condensing boilers, retrofitting trash chutes, and adding demand-based controls to domestic hot water recirculation pumps.
O&M PTEEMN Retrofit Water

Net Zero and Living Building Challenge Financial Study: A Cost Comparison Report for Buildings in the District of Columbia

The District of Columbia Department of the Environment have released the findings of a recent study detailing how the District, already home to more green buildings per capita than other large cities, can best craft policy and create incentives to build zero energy, zero water and Living Buildings™. The study, Net Zero and Living Building Financial Study: A Cost Comparison Report for the Buildings in the District of Columbia, was conducted by New Buildings Institute, International Living Future Institute and Skanska and conceptually transformed three LEED v3 Platinum designed buildings to net zero energy, net zero water and Living Buildings. Its scope focused on three commonly developed building types in the District: office new construction, multifamily new construction and office renovation. “The findings in this report are eye-opening. It presents us with a policy framework that will help us achieve our goal to slash energy use to half of what it was in 2010 by 2032, and provides us with the data to back it up,” says Bill Updike, green building specialist for the District Department of the Environment. “The District has a history of leading on progressive green building policies. This report will aid our efforts to further advance the building industry toward more resilient, restorative facilities.”
Renewable Energy Retrofit Water


Rising utility rates create financial risk for owners and reduce affordability for tenants of multifamily properties. To combat this challenge and multifamily properties' impact on the natural environment, the Fannie Mae Multifamily Mortgage Business (Fannie Mae) launched the Green Initiative. The mission of the Fannie Mae Multifamily Green Initiative is to enhance the quality, affordability, and environmental sustainability of multifamily housing in the United States. The Green Initiative provides leadership in the multifamily industry by offering Green Financing loans for smart property improvements and delivering innovative tools that measure and capture the value of energy and water efficiency. As of the first quarter of 2014, Fannie Mae has financed $130 million in Green Preservation Plus loans or in loans that are backed by properties with a Green Building certification. These loans are securitized as Green Mortgage Backed Securities (Green MBS), a securitization standard set by Fannie Mae. Green Preservation Plus provides up to an 85% loan to value (LTV) ratio for owners of Affordable housing to transform their property through energy efficiency, water efficiency, and general property improvements. Fannie Mae’s newest Green Financing product, the Multifamily Property Improvement to Reduce Energy (M-PIRE) loan, underwrites a portion of the property’s projected energy and water cost savings, providing additional loan proceeds for cost-saving upgrades to the common area and to tenant units. To accurately assess a property’s potential for energy and water savings, Fannie Mae developed and published the High Performance Building Module for public use. This module expands a traditional Property Conditions Assessment report by including an energy and water audit. The audit reveals cost saving opportunities and assists to mitigate property condition risks. In 2011, Fannie Mae identified that multifamily owners needed a simple way to understand their property’s energy performance but that a single, nationally recognized metric did not exist. Fannie Mae Multifamily Mortgage Business partnered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to deliver the 1 – 100 ENERGY STAR® score for multifamily properties. As a result of this partnership, Fannie Mae is proud to announce that the ENERGY STAR score is available for use by the multifamily industry as of September 16, 2014. The 1 – 100 ENERGY STAR score is a product of the Fannie Mae Multifamily Energy and Water Market Research Survey (Survey). In 2012, Fannie Mae surveyed over 1,000 multifamily properties across the U.S. for statistically relevant and comprehensive energy and water information. The EPA used the resulting Survey data to create the ENERGY STAR Score for multifamily. Fannie Mae also invested in the Survey to provide owners with greater understanding of a multifamily property’s energy and water performance, trends and metrics. This paper shares the valuable information and metrics collected through the Survey.
EnergyStar Report/Research Brief Water

Retrofit Case Study: R Street Apartments, Washington, D.C.

RStreet Apartments, a collection of 130 apartment units in five historic low-rise buildings, is an example of a situation where an initial green retrofit project doesn’t have to be the end-all and be-all. Rather, new upgrades a few years later can reap additional utility cost savings. Less than four years after a LIHTC renovation was completed, the developer NHT/Enterprise decided to look deeper into property savings and determined that a new, smaller water retrofit project made economic sense.
Utility Incentives & Programs Water

Cutting Utility Costs: The Residences at Wood Street, Pittsburgh, Pa.

The investment of a mere $1.25 million in energy and water retrofit improvements at a 91-year-old, 16-story mixed-use building in downtown Pittsburgh, Pa. is already generating substantial savings from reduced utility costs, while providing more comfortable living conditions for the residents.
Energy Audit PTEEPA Retrofit Water

Harvesting Rain: System Design for Strategic Rainwater Capture

Conserving water through rainwater harvesting saves natural resources, providing water for use in buildings and for site irrigation.

Reducing Water & Energy Use in Affordable Housing

National Housing Trust/Enterprise Preservation Corporation shares smart practices for investing in sustainability.
Retrofit Water

Top 10 Easy Ways to Save Energy in Common Areas

Preparing for another winter is not something we want to think about while basking in the last days of summer but it pays to plan! The Farmer’s Almanac forecast was spot on last winter and it looks like a cold winter is in store for many of us in 2014. Preparing for colder temperatures is essential to avoid budget busting utility bills for your common areas such as hallways, gyms, lobbies and business centers.
Insulation Lighting O&M Phantom Power Retrofit Water

Energy and Water Savings In Multifamily Affordable Housing

When the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009 (ARRA) allocated $5 billion in stimulus dollars for Weatherization Assistance Programs (WAP), Pennsylvania was one of four states — Colorado, New Jersey, Kansas and Pennsylvania―that had a well-established staff and infrastructure in a state-wide agency to deliver and administer funds to multifamily housing (Glatter 2009). The Pennsylvania Housing Finance Agency (PHFA), through its Preservation through Smart Rehab program, received $22.5 million of the ARRA monies. The program itself predates ARRA and is designed to preserve multifamily affordable rental units in the state. Beginning in February 2010, PHFA allocated ARRA funds to upgrade 8,288 units in 109 properties. The first property was completed in December 2010; the last was completed August 2012. This report is the initial analysis of the results of that program based on one year of pre-retrofit and one year of post-retrofit utility bills. Of the 109 funded properties, all implemented energy upgrades and 91 had sufficient pre-retrofit and post retrofit energy data to be included in the study. Seventy-seven properties implemented water upgrades and all of them had sufficient pre-retrofit and post-retrofit water data to be included.
Energy Audit Lighting PTEEPA Retrofit Water Weatherization/WAP

Energy and Water Savings in Multifamily Retrofits Report

Energy and water consumption represent some of the largest operating costs in multifamily properties, estimated at $22 billion per year in the US. The newly released Energy and Water Savings in Multifamily Retrofits report provides a detailed analysis of 236 multifamily properties that underwent energy and water retrofit projects from 2009 to 2012. The report includes results for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Green Retrofit Program and the Energy Savers Program in Illinois and finds that there were significant energy savings and cost reductions for participating properties. This is the first study to examine a large and diverse national data set containing pre- and post-retrofit utility data for both owner- and tenant-paid energy and water accounts. In addition to the findings themselves, the challenges faced in performing this research provide useful insights for others seeking to understand and execute energy and water retrofits in multifamily properties. The report found that the Green Retrofit Program (GRP), implemented by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, reduced building energy consumption by 18%, and reduced water consumption by 26%. Energy Savers, a project of Elevate Energy and the Community Investment Corporation that targets heating systems in multifamily properties in the Chicago area, reduced gas consumption an average of 26%.
Green Retrofit Program (GRP) HUD Retrofit Water

Energy and Water Savings in Multifamily Retrofits

Results from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Green Retrofit Program and the Energy Savers Program in Illinois
Green Retrofit Program (GRP) HUD Illinois Retrofit Water

Green & Healthy Property Management: A Guide for Multifamily Buildings

Through our work in the Green Retrofit Initiative we learned that there are many ways to improve the energy performance of a property, maximize the health of residents, and decrease safety hazards. In creating this guide we actively engaged three CDCs and their third-party property managers to comb through applicable green and healthy goals, the thresholds for action, and the responsibility of each party. In the same way, we hope others will use this document as an organizational policy, adopted by executive leadership, and a working procedures manual for ensuring high-performing physical assets while improving the health and safety of residents. LISC created this Guide to help affordable housing owners define and pursue measures to reduce the use of energy, water, and harmful chemicals in their properties, reduce waste generated on site, create healthier living environments for residents, and reduce the carbon and environmental footprint associated with residential properties. Owners and property managers are encouraged to review the sample policies and practices and tailor them to meet their needs.
Energy Audit Landscaping Property Management Resident Engagement Water